After a heart attack (myocardial infarction), inflexible scar tissue known as an infarct is left while some heart muscle cells remain alive, though with inadequate blood flow. The objective of stem cell therapy post-heart attack is to restore flow to these areas using adult stem cells isolated from patients’ own body fat.
What is Myocardial Infarction (MI)?
Myocardial Infarction (MI) is the medical term for what is known as a heart attack. A heart attack occurs when blood flow is severely cut off to the heart because of blockages in the arteries, as by plaque build-up or clots. The oxygen starvation caused by a heart attack causes the affected zone of heart muscle cells to die or become damaged, producing what is known as an infarction—a wound or area of scar tissue. This damage can extend to involve other areas of the heart where the blood supply is also limited. Hence, the term myocardial infarction literally means a death of the heart muscle.
Signs and Symptoms of a Heart Attack
At the onset of a heart attack, most individuals report sudden discomfort emanating from the chest which can extend to the neck or down either arm. Although some MI events can manifest “silently,” or without any symptoms, others produce any of the following heart attack symptoms or warning signs:
- Shortness of breath
- Severe anxiety
- Rapid heart rate
- Feelings of indigestion
After a heart attack, testing is usually done to determine the extent of heart muscle damage. Treatment and lifestyle changes are encouraged by doctors thereafter, in an attempt to prevent further damage to the heart or a spreading of the infarct.
Stem Cell Therapy for Heart Attack Damage
When heart muscle tissue dies or has been rendered less functional as a result of an MI, symptoms like chest pains, shortness of breath and progressive coronary artery disease are the result. When medications or procedures designed to relieve blockage in the large arteries that feed the heart with blood have been optimized, yet the patient continues to experience signs and symptoms of inadequate blood flow and a deteriorating quality of life, Okyanos heart attack treatment can offer a safe and promising new option. According to current medical literature, patients who receive a dose of stem cells post-heart attack can experience marked improvements to their condition, including:
- Improved quality of life
- A reduction in chest pains (angina)
- Decreased infarct (scar tissue) size
- Improved consumption and use of oxygen (as measured by patients’ MVO2)
Adult stem cells possess a number of characteristics which can benefit a heart damaged by myocardial infarction (heart attack). By stimulating the growth of new blood vessels, promoting anti-inflammatory effects, recruiting cells toward tissue regeneration and inhibiting further cell death, adult stem cells can restore some function to damaged or diseased heart muscle.
To learn more, you may contact a Patient Liaison by requesting a free educational consultation or dialing 855.OKYANOS (659.2667).