In delivering adult stem cell therapy for angina, one of the fundamental treatment mechanisms is the encouragement of new blood vessel growth (also called angiogenesis). This process can improve blood flow to the heart and address the resultant symptoms, including chest pains.
What is Angina?
Angina is chest pain that occurs when the heart receives insufficient oxygen-rich blood. Although angina is more of a symptom, it is referred to and treated as a separate condition due to its prevalence among cardiac patients. Patients with blocked arteries experience symptoms of angina when the heart is not receiving ample blood supply to meet its output needs. Most often these individuals suffer from chronic coronary artery disease (CAD). In addition, patients who have experienced a heart attack may manifest different types of angina, because of an area of the heart that is inadequately supplied with blood is preventing the heart from performing at optimal capacity.
Goals of Stem Cell Therapy for Angina
At Okyanos, stem cell therapy for angina begins with extraction of stem and regenerative cells from your own body fat. After a small volume liposuction procedure, adipose- (fat) derived regenerative cells (ADRCs) are separated from the fat tissue and shortly thereafter are injected directly to the heart via an infusion into the coronary sinus. Clinical trial results have shown strong indications of improved patient symptoms by the following measured benefits:
- An increased quality of life
- Lowered cardiac mortality rate
- Reduced angina
Roughly 6 million Americans suffer from chronic chest pains and other symptoms of heart disease. Where treatment strategies have been exhausted, no-option patients may find hope for improvement of their condition with cardiac stem cell therapy for angina.
Common Angina Symptoms
The most common angina symptom is chest pain or discomfort, lasting anywhere from one to fifteen minutes. Some patients report their angina symptoms feel more like indigestion or heartburn, while others experience:
- Shortness of breath
- Heaviness in the chest
- A squeezing, tightening or burning in the chest
- Aching behind the breast bone
- Pain spreading to the shoulders, neck, back or jaw
The manifestation of discomforts associated with this condition is referred to as an angina attack, two of different types of angina for which are listed below. Stable Angina
- Also called chronic angina, stable angina attacks tend to form in reproducible patterns. These occur consistently when the heart is overworked as during heavy exertion, exercise or even going up a flight of stairs. Chest pains caused by stable angina are generally relieved by taking a short rest or by incorporating medication into a patient’s daily routine.
- Unlike chronic angina, unstable angina is less consistently patterned and harder to predict. An unstable angina attack can occur when one is at rest, and this condition can be considered a strong predictor for cardiac events like heart attack.
Angina Treatment and Diagnosis
As with many conditions, early and accurate angina diagnosis can greatly affect your prognosis. Cardiologists perform some of the following tests to determine what type of angina a patient is experiencing, and why.
- Chest X-Rays
- Blood Analysis
- Electrocardiogram (EKG), which records electrical impulses in the heart and senses when the heart is deprived of oxygen
- Stress Tests, which are specific heart readings performed while a patient is physically exerting himself
Angina caused by coronary artery disease is a progressive condition which, if allowed to worsen, can result in heart attacks and other serious cardiac conditions. Angina treatment is usually approached from a number of angles, depending patient-specific circumstances. Cardiologists aim to reduce symptoms and lower the risk for a heart attack by using medications, various medical procedures and lifestyle change recommendations (as with a healthy diet, leading an active lifestyle, quitting smoking and avoiding angina trigger activities.) In some cases, despite interventional procedures and medications, angina symptoms may continue to present or worsen. Such patients experiencing a progression of the condition despite conventional therapies may be candidates for treatment at Okyanos.
To learn more, please contact an Okyanos Patient Liaison by requesting a free educational consultation or dialing 855.OKYANOS (659.2667).